The Brazilian law revolves around the country’s written constitution that took effect almost three decades back. The constitution established an independent judiciary that operates independently from the other arms of government- the executive and the legislature. However, some laws are passed through legislative processes and may require assenting from the executive but must be by the constitution. The judiciary is the law-interpreting body and has the mandate to solve any legal disputes arising from politics, military operations, labor, and business transactions among other socio-political and economic issues. As a way of bringing organization and order within the arm and ensuring that Brazilians are served satisfactorily, the judiciary is divided into several components. The courts, for example, are categorized under Federal Supreme Courts, regional Federal Courts, and Appellate Courts among others. Judges in these courts are posted regarding seniority, with the most senior sitting at high courts and listening to serious disputes.
Talking about Brazil’s law could be incomplete without a mention of the country’s most prestigious professions– law. Lawyers in the South American nation play a key role in ensuring that justice is served without discrimination. Today, over 600000 Brazilians have graduated with law degrees and passed in the Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil bar examinations. Such a huge number of lawyers is only second to USA’s.
Lawyers in Brazil trace their origin from Portugal, the country’s colonial masters because most of their professors are either Portuguese or studied in Portugal. The syllabus is also strikingly similar to Portugal’s, especially in the bar examinations and law school requirements. Also just like Portuguese lawyers, fresh law graduates have to pass through internship before the start rising the ranks.
Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho is a business lawyer who plies his trade in Sao Paulo, Brazil. He is a partner at Tosto and Barros Advocates where he is stationed at the firm’s Leite office. Ricardo is also a BA holder from Armando AlvaresPenteado Foundation.
After acquiring his degree in law from Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho embarked on creating a name for himself in Brazil’s legal circles. To this end, Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has won the trust of many high-profile government officers and non-governmental organizations who hire him to represent them in high-profile cases. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has been in the legal field for 28 years now.
Visit his website: https://ricardotosto.blog/